Languages

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V

Vaidehi: Consort of King Bimbisara of Magadha, India. The Meditation Sutra records Sakyamuni Buddha’s preachings in response to the queen’s entreaties.
 
Vajrayana: Sanskrit; literally, "the Diamond Vehicle". One of the three major schools of Buddhism. It developed from Mahayana teachings in northwest India around 500 C.E., and then spread to Tibet, China, and Japan. It involves esoteric visualizations, rituals, and mantras, which can only be learned from a master. Vajrayana Buddhism is also known as Tantric Buddhism due to the use of tantras, or sacred texts.
 
Vairocana: Represents the Dharma Body of Sakyamuni Buddha, and all Buddhas.
 
Vimalakirti Sutra: An important Mahayana sutra popular with Zen and Pure Land followers.
 
Vipassana (Vipashyana): Meditation upon one’s own thoughts and actions, or insight into the Three Marks of Existence.
 
Virtue: See Merit and Virtue.